1. Keep a diary to try to identify any trigger factors.
2. Try to avoid anything that you know triggers your migraine and consider a trial exclusion to assess other potential triggers. DO NOT avoid things long term just because you have heard they trigger migraine attacks in others if not effective in your case.
3. Eat regularly and avoid sugary snacks to keep blood sugar levels stable.
4. Drink plenty of water (at least 2 litres a day) and reduce your intake of caffeine, alcohol and soft drinks containing artificial sweeteners.
5. Maintain a regular sleep pattern - avoid shift work, long lie-ins and late nights.
6. Try to get some fresh air and exercise every day (e.g. walking or cycling to work instead of driving, a short walk in the lunch hour etc.)
7. Avoid bright, flickering or flashing light and wear sunglasses and / or a hat in bright sunlight.
8. Take regular breaks from work, especially if you use computer monitors.
9. Make your working environment as comfortable as possible (e.g. adjust chair to correct height, eliminate glare from windows, lighting or reflective surfaces, adjust the computer screen, maintain good ventilation and a temperature suited to the work you are doing etc.)
10. Practise relaxation techniques to rid the body of tension and stress.
11. Learn to identify any warning signs that indicate that an attack may be on its way (e.g. stiffness in the neck, becoming clumsy, a bad taste in the mouth, not being able to think clearly etc.) and take action fast.
12. Take your medication early in the attack, it has a much greater chance of working!
13. If your migraine is causing problems or your current treatment is not bringing significant relief make an appointment with your GP. There are many different treatments now available.
14. Join Migraine Action for support and more information about treatment options, both conventional and complementary.
15. Everyone's migraine experience is different. You should not dismiss symptoms because they are not "standard".